Following the Persian Wars of the early 5th century BCE the Greek city-states or poleis began to align themselves in protective alliances., Reasons Why The Peloponnesian War is Relevant Today. With battles occurring at home and abroad, the long and complex conflict was damaging to both sides but Sparta, with financial help from Persia, finally won the conflict by destroying the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami in 405 BCE.

The result of the conflict was the ‘King’s Peace’ where Sparta ceded her empire to Persian control but Sparta was left to dominate Greece. the state

Like all great conflicts, the Peloponnesian War brought about changes and developments in warfare. 2012-08-14 03:54:32 2012-08-14 03:54:32. User: Find the ... Weegy: TRUE. However, under Kleon and Nikias, the Athenians enjoyed a successful campaign in the Corinthian Gulf in 429 BCE and hopes for an early Spartan victory now seemed hopelessly ambitious. The War was back on again. The heavily armed hoplite in the phalanx formation (lines of closely packed hoplites protecting each other with their shields) still dominated the Greek battlefield but the phalanx did become deeper (more rows of men) and wider (a longer front of men) during the Peloponnesian War.

With this formidable weapon, Lysander was able to inflict a final and total defeat on the Athenians at Aegospotami near the Hellespont in 405 BCE where 170 Athenian ships were captured on the beach and at least 3,000 Athenian captives were executed. Thucydides, often considered the father of political realism, wrote about the Peloponnesian War from the vantage point of Athens, and in The Melian Dialogue, gives his point of view on what happened when the Athenians defeated the Melians and then proceeded to kill all the men, and sell the women and children. In 420 BCE Sparta formed an alliance with Boeotia. The principal Spartan strategy was to annually attack Athenian lands, starting in 431 BCE, creating as much destruction as possible such as burning farms, chopping down olive trees and vineyards. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom.

Thucydides explains the Athenians reason for going after Melos in the following way, “By subjugating the Melians the Athenians hoped not only to extend their empire but also to improve their image and thus their security. Trans. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. The next action in the war was the siege of Plataea between c. 429-427 BCE which had elements of both siege strategies. The second strategy was much more costly and time-consuming as it often took years to achieve success. "Peloponnesian War."

However, the actual effect of this on the Athenian economy is unclear, especially when considering that the city could always be resupplied by sea via the city’s port of Piraeus protected by the Long Walls. According to professor of political science, Steven L. Spiegel, [2], “The school of thought known as realism is the most venerable paradigm in international relations theory. Web. As the defeat of Melos was deemed a result of realism, so could the Rwandan Genocide be called the same as a stronger power dominated over a weaker one. In the latter strategy there was also the hope that betrayal and in-fighting might also compromise the defenders. Siegecraft involved two main strategies - repeatedly attacking the city directly (until the defenders capitulated or the walls were breached) and circumvallation or surrounding the city with a wall (and starving the city into surrender). The League, at its greatest size was composed of over 300 members who paid tribute to Athens, the strongest naval power in Greece, in the form of either ships or money in return for Athenian protection against a perceived threat from Persian and perhaps also Mediterranean pirates. Spiegel, Steven L., et al.

Greek Hopliteby Johnny Shumate (Public Domain). Athens was hit by a devastating plague (arriving from Egypt via Persia) in 430 BCE and Sparta even postponed her annual invasion to avoid it.

The War was finally won by Sparta, then, & perhaps ironically, in a naval battle. This gives the impression that genocide can be explained in terms of realism. floods The treasury of the League was placed on the sacred island of Delos in the Cyclades. In 415 BCE Athenian general Alcibiades was the mastermind behind the invasion of Sicily, the largest operation of the entire war.

Wiki User Answered .

The dominance of the hoplite on the battlefield was also threatened by the deployment of combined arms using mixed troops - hoplites, light infantry and cavalry - a tactic which became ever more widespread. The number of casualties in the wars was, therefore, far greater than in any previous conflict in Greece’s long history.

What happened in Melos, if an example of states acting in a realist manner, raises many questions. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Weegy: A nucleotide is one of the structural components, or building blocks, of DNA and RNA. One main idea of realism is the preface that states will act as rational actors, meaning states actions will reflect their best interests. Like all great conflicts, the Peloponnesian War brought about changes and developments in warfare. The War was finally won by Sparta, then, and perhaps ironically, in a naval battle. When looking to find examples of realism, there is a definite bias that comes into play. False. Whatever the politics, the practical consequences of the League was that Athens’ navy could strike anywhere, especially after rival sea-power Aegina was taken, and it caused significant supply problems to several cities throughout the war, notably Corinth.

Greek Hoplites [Artist's Impression]by The Creative Assembly (Copyright).

Cartwright, M. (2018, May 02).

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